Download e-book for kindle: A Handbook of Comparative Social Policy (Elgar Original by Patricia Kennett

By Patricia Kennett

The present context of social coverage is one within which a number of the outdated certainties of the prior were eroded. The predominantly inward-looking, family preoccupation of social coverage has made method for a extra built-in, overseas and outward method of research which appears to be like past the bounds of the nation. it truly is during this context that this instruction manual brings jointly the paintings of key commentators within the box of comparative research as a way to supply complete insurance of latest debates and concerns in cross-national social coverage examine. Organised round 5 subject matters, this extraordinary quantity explores the contextual, conceptual, analytical and processual points of project comparative social examine. within the first half, the authors are eager about de-centring the country and increasing the epistemological framework in which cross-national research is explored. In components II and III, the focal point is at the conceptual and theoretical frameworks for analysing social coverage cross-nationally, whereas half IV examines the day by day truth of getting ready for and accomplishing cross-national research. within the ultimate part, the authors spotlight carrying on with and rising subject matters and concerns that are of specific relevance to figuring out the modern social global. foreign in scope, this authoritative instruction manual offers unique innovative learn from best experts and may turn into an fundamental resource of reference for an individual drawn to comparative social study. it is going to additionally turn out a important learn reduction for undergraduate and postgraduate scholars from a number disciplines together with social coverage, sociology, politics, city experiences and public coverage.

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The notion of ‘structure’ encompasses the configuration of forces, material capabilities, ideas and institutions that create pressures and impose constraints on action. Social interactions are seen to produce and reproduce social structures that then shape identities, perceptions of interests and actions and circumscribe the range of ‘options’ available to social actors in any given historical context. However, since structure is seen to be partly constituted by the consciousness and actions of individuals and groups, at moments of structural instability and flux, agents can be influential in shaping and reshaping social, political and economic orders.

Thus this sort of approach would see the EU as an emerging centre of governance that involves a plurality of state and non-state actors on different levels that are concerned to coordinate activities around a series of functional problems rather than exclusively in terms of a distinct territorial basis. In this context state actors would cooperate as negotiating partners in a complex network, contributing their sovereign authority and other distinctive capacities to help realize collectively agreed aims and objectives on behalf of the network as a whole.

Each trend is also associated with a counter-trend that both qualifies and transforms its significance for the state’s form and functions. These counter-trends can be viewed in the first instance as specific reactions to the new trends rather than as survivals of earlier patterns. This is why they are presented as counter-trends to the trends. Denationalization of statehood This involves the transfer of powers previously located at the national territorial level upwards to supra-regional or international bodies, downwards to regional or local states, or outwards to relatively autonomous cross-national alliances among local metropolitan or regional states with complementary interests.

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