By S. Betzelt, S. Bothfeld
This e-book analyzes in what means activation rules influence on given styles of social citizenship that predominate in nationwide contexts. It argues that the liberal paradigm of activation brought into labour marketplace regulations in all Western ecu states demanding situations the categorical styles of social citizenship in each one state.
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Additional resources for Activation and Labour Market Reforms in Europe: Challenges to Social Citizenship
If the citizen’s autonomy represents the core objective of social policy making, in order to allow for empirical analysis the concept needs to be broken down into more tangible aspects. How can we deﬁne and distinguish the main aspects of what ‘membership’ or ‘sense of belonging’ may signify as the concept of autonomy comprises a normative as well as an analytical character? 1. The dimension of individual identity and afﬁliation Afﬁliation is similar to the ‘sense of belonging’ or ‘felt membership’ but constitutes a less formalized concept.
Nevertheless these social security schemes have been beneﬁcial to citizens in several ways. By providing a relatively generous level of social security they have stabilized the citizens’ perspective of income and in so doing largely de-commodiﬁed citizens from social risks encountered over the life course. By deﬁning the (male) core worker status, they have secured the once-attained standard of living for the majority of the workforce well above the level of economic subsistence. And, they have fostered substantial legal and individual entitlements, and therefore established a solid basis for the general acceptance of a solidaristic political system.
Social rights and the argument of membership We think that the concept of social citizenship contributes a missing link to our problem, namely to provide categories to grasp ongoing change – as it points to the very political character of social policy, rights and membership. Quite early in the ‘golden age’ of the welfare state T. H. Marshall pointed to the very political character of social policy. Since then social rights have been considered to be a crucial precondition for citizens’ active participation in social and political life and, therefore, constitutive elements of an active and democratic society (Marshall, 1963).