New PDF release: After the Soviet Empire: Legacies and Pathways

By Sven Eliaeson, Lyudmila Harutyunyan, Larissa Titarenko

The break-up of the Soviet Union is a key occasion of the 20th century. The thirty ninth IIS congress in Yerevan 2009 fascinated with explanations and outcomes of this occasion and on shifts on this planet order that in its wake. This quantity is an attempt to chart those advancements in empirical and conceptual phrases. It has a spotlight at the lands of the previous Soviet Union but in addition explores pathways and contexts within the moment international at huge. The Soviet Union used to be an entire scale scan in developing another modernity. The implosion of this union gave upward push to new states looking for nationwide id. At a time while a few observers heralded the top of background, there has been a rediscovery of old legacies and a look for new paths of improvement around the former moment international. In a few elements of this global long-repressed legacies have been rediscovered. They have been occasionally, as on the subject of international locations in East principal Europe, equipped round stories of parliamentary democracy and its alternative through authoritarian rule through the interwar interval. a few legacies pointed out efforts at developing statehood within the wake of the 1st global battle, others to nationwide upheavals within the 19th century and previous. In significant Asia and plenty of elements of the Caucasus the cultural background of Islam in its diverse types gave upward push to new markers of identification but additionally to violent contestations. In South Caucasus, Georgia, Armenia and Azerbaijan have embarked upon exceedingly varied, yet perpetually contingent, paths of improvement. Analogously center elements of the outdated union have passed through tumultuous, yet until eventually the final 12 months and a part mostly cold, ameliorations. The crystallization of divergent paths of improvement within the biggest republics of that union, i.e. Russia and Ukraine, has ushered in divergent nationwide imaginations but additionally in sequence of bloody confrontations.

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His sociology of religion is certainly relevant for today’s Russian affairs and the legitimation of power in Putin’s “ruled democracy”—a theme that we will not go deeper into but for which Weber is relevant—and the concept of charisma is part of his Herrschaftssoziologie as well. Ay’s focus is on the Tagespolitische Kommentaren and he displays Weber’s realistic views on the obstacles to achieve a capitalist modernization in Russia. In addition to an accurate exposition of the mir-tradition and zemstwo-movement, he emphasized the primitive “Communism” that existed among Russian peasants and prevented a rationalization that would have been crucial for capital accumulation.

Gohar Shahnazaryan’s contribution contains an interesting survey over the values among Armenian youths. Armenia is a very peculiar case, in a way very useful for comparative analyses. On the one hand, the country is very civilized and Europeanized, with the eu flag waving in many places, reflecting a longing for closer association. The plentiful diaspora—some ten millions—contributes to a Western cultural orientation. The old Christian tradition (the first Christian country, from 301 ad) carries straws to the same stack.

Armenia’s relations with Turkey are frosty and there is no peace with Azerbaijan, merely an armistice. Armenia depends on Georgia for access to the sea. A huge part of the population has emigrated, about one third during the last two decades. Armenia is in a squeezed and troublesome geopolitical position. The Armenian diaspora, which is particularly strong in Lebanon, France and California, plays a major role in subsidizing the Armenian state budget. Armenia has few natural resources. However, as the example of Switzerland shows, the human capital is more important than natural resources, just as Adam Smith taught us.

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