Download e-book for iPad: Approximation Theory and Harmonic Analysis on Spheres and by Feng Dai, Yuan Xu

By Feng Dai, Yuan Xu

1 round Harmonics.- 2 Convolution and round Harmonic Expansion.- three Littlewood-Paley concept and Multiplier Theorem.- four Approximation at the Sphere.- five Weighted Polynomial Inequalities.- 6 Cubature formulation on Spheres.- 7 Harmonic research linked to mirrored image Groups.- eight Boundedness of Projection Operator and Cesaro Means.- nine Projection Operators and Cesaro potential in L^p Spaces.- 10 Weighted top Approximation via Polynomials.- eleven Harmonic research at the Unit Ball.- 12 Polynomial Approximation at the Unit Ball.- thirteen Harmonic research at the Simplex.- 14 Applications.- A Distance, distinction and critical Formulas.- B Jacobi and comparable Orthogonal Polynomials.- References.- Index.- image Index

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3) Pr ( x, y ) ≥ 0 and ωd−1 Sd−1 Pr ( x, y )dσ (y) = 1. Proof. 8). The second item follows from the first. The infinite series converges uniformly, since r < 1. Integration term by term shows that ωd−1 Sd−1 Pr ( x, y )dσ (y) = 1. 5. Let f be a continuous function on Sd−1 . For 0 ≤ r < 1, u(rξ ) := Pr f (ξ ) is a harmonic function in x = rξ and limr→1− u(rξ ) = f (ξ ), ∀ξ ∈ Sd−1 . Proof. The proof is standard, and we shall be brief. 4, |u(rξ ) − f (ξ )| = ≤ 1 ωd Sd−1 [ f (y) − f (ξ )]Pr ( ξ , y )dσ (y) sup | f (y) − f (ξ )| + 2 f ξ −y ≤δ ∞ ξ −y ≥δ Pr ( ξ , y )dσ (y) for every δ > 0.

In particular, for f ∈ L2 (Sd−1 ), the partial sum operator Sn f converges to f in the · 2 norm, and the operator norm Sn 2 is uniformly bounded. 1. Let d > 2. Then Sn Λn := max x∈Sd−1 1 ωd ∞ Sd−1 = Sn Sn f 1 p. = Λn , where |Kn (x, y)|dσ (y) ∼ n d−2 2 . Proof. That Sn ∞ = Sn 1 = Λn follows from a standard argument for linear integral operators. 8). In the case of d = 2, we have Sn ∞ ∼ log n, as shown in classical Fourier analysis. The constant Λn is often called the Lebesgue constant. Since it is unbounded as n → ∞, the uniform boundedness principle implies that there is a function f ∈ C(Sd−1 ) for which Sn f does not converge to f in the uniform norm.

The spherical part of the Laplace operator, can then be derived from Eq. 1) by the change of variables x → (r, ξ1 , . . , ξd−1 ), where r > 0 and ξ = (ξ1 , . . , ξd ) ∈ Sd−1 . For this approach and a derivation of Eq. 1), see [125]. We shall adopt an approach that is elementary and selfcontained. 1. 2) where Δ0 = d−1 ∂2 d−1 d−1 i=1 i i=1 j=1 ∂2 d−1 ∂ ∑ ∂ ξ 2 − ∑ ∑ ξi ξ j ∂ ξi ∂ ξ j − (d − 1) ∑ ξi ∂ ξi . 3) i=1 Proof. Since ξ ∈ Sd−1 , we have ξ12 + · · · + ξd2 = 1. We evaluate the Laplacian Δ under a change of variables (x1 , .

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